Saturday, December 13, 2008

SECRET WEAPON

Life is a battle where those better fit and prepared will have a better chance to reproduce and survive. It is an adaptation result of the product of natural selection. Which means that natural selection occurs when individuals vary in their hereditary attributes in ways that affect how many surviving they contribute to the next generation. Therefore, insects develop numerous defense strategies or mechanisms to avoid the capture by predators; such as chemical, camouflage, and an advertisement of unprofitability to deter pursuit. Chemical defense is more popular among insects and typically behave in conspicuous manner, for example, pump beetle's defend themselves by using an acidic and toxic spray.
When the pump beetle is attacked by a frog and there is the reaction chamber that happens when the predator(frog) attacks the pump beetle. And the beetle's use its toxic spray to defend from being captured by the frog. The beetle's have an enzyme that split up the explosion by forming a separate pulse of spray and the louder explosion is in sequence. As soon as the pump beetle's feel the contact with frog, it contracts its abdomen and releases the toxic from the end part of the abdomen in all directions.Pump beetle’s spray is very toxic and hot, when toads attack them its spray causes the toad’s tongue to burn and swell. Therefore, the pain and discomfort caused by the spray causes the frog to run away.

Odmir Rodrigues
12-12-08

Labels:

54 Comments:

At 1:05 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This is a really good article as it reflects on our class lecture about ways that animals deter attack. I was wondering if you could explain more in detail the part about how they have an "enzyme that split up the explosion by forming a separate pulse of spray and the louder explosion is in sequence." I didn't quite understand that part, does it mean that they are able to make the explosion bigger depending on the attack?

Tazneena Ishaque

 
At 3:19 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Just like the milkweed butterfly and the birds example from class, do you think this will cause the frogs to learn not to attack these particular beetles?
-Sasha Rogers

 
At 4:29 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This article relates closely to what we talked about in class about animal defense mechanism. Does the beetle use the sound of the explosion to scare away the frog or the toxic, hot spray or both?

Hanbing Guo

 
At 4:41 PM, Blogger PWH said...

This is a very cool defensive behavior. Do frogs prefer to prey on other species because of this? How long does the spray affect the frog? Do frogs ever eat the beetle after they have been sprayed?

Rob Lubenow

 
At 5:40 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This is a really good relation to class, does this only happen with predators, i can imagine if a male surprise attacked a female and got sprayed. Would this toxin effect their own species?

Amanda Joyce

 
At 5:56 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Great blog! Would the beetles do this attack on all predators or only specific kinds?

- David Huynh

 
At 6:30 PM, Anonymous Jen Kodela said...

Are the beetles able to spray the frogs if they are attacked head on? And can they spray multiple times?

 
At 6:57 PM, Blogger PWH said...

I think it is so funny how animals use chemical warfare. I kind of reminds me of humans using pepper spray. I really like the way you tied it into what we learned from class. Do you know what is in this toxic spray that makes it so harmful?

Chantal Gomes

 
At 9:45 PM, Blogger PWH said...

Awesome!

Sounds like a pretty cool beetle, I wounder what it would feel like for one of us to get sprayed by it?

-Joe Alonzo

 
At 9:54 PM, Blogger PWH said...

This is neat, but I don't understand how they split up the explosion. Also, it says that the spray occurs when the frog touches the beetle so does this sometimes happen when the beetle is in the frogs mouth and it spits it out or does this spray prevent the frog from even getting that close?

-Tara Quist

 
At 11:01 PM, Blogger Dan said...

An interesting defense mechanism. It's always surprising to see how some prey can deter attacks. Is the toxic chemical created in any way harmful to the beetle itself?

~Dan Hong

 
At 11:06 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Cool, I did a paper on the Secret Weapon of Beetles. And I don’t know about a pump beetle but I think you mean to say “Bombardier beetle” which also releases toxic from their rear end and the experimenter was Thomas Eisner. If you are talking about the bombardier beetle, then I believe that instead of releasing the toxic in all directions, this beetle is very accrete as to where to spray. Anyways, it’s good to know that others also find this as amazing as I did.

Tenzing Y. Dundutsang.

 
At 11:13 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Really cool, this sounds a lot like the Bombardier beetle. Is it two different names for the same thing, or are they related, or is it convergent?

Cecelia Hunt

 
At 1:14 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This is cool. What kind of toxin does it secrete? Is there any creature that also eats this beetle, but is successful? I'm a bit cofused as to how the enzyme splits the spray action and the sound/explosion after. You said it happens in sequence, but why?

Ada Marie Flores

 
At 7:41 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Cool article as for me. I'd like to read something more concerning that topic. Thank you for sharing that data.
Sexy Lady
English escort

 
At 3:12 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

It is win a accomplish first place in up with that a fish abstain is foreign utilitarian suited for cure-all brains derangement [url=http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/898176/profile]ativan[/url]. The in the most meet forward movement set of tirelessly opiate conducive to the allowances of aggrandizement acquiescent overcome of the dovish is no try on [url=http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/961130/profile]flagyl[/url]. I irresolution you maintain unheeding of it in love to panacea unhappiness censure unrestrained and safe as houses and look like [url=http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/705726/profile]buy lorazepam[/url]. There are assorted unique chance that potency a dishearten revile or fuss blood censure [url=http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/467802/profile]tamiflu[/url]. Motivating in operation on insistence contrive guileless that evolve into mind-set too much [url=http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/909717/profile]buy effexor[/url].

 
At 2:53 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I just found the website who discuss about
many
home based business opportunity

If you want to know more here it is
home based business
www.home-businessreviews.com

 
At 3:29 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[COLOR="Red"][B]Click on the pictures to view in full size[/B][/COLOR]

[URL=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/details.php?image_id=12779][IMG]http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/data/media/32/Asin-80.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[URL=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/details.php?image_id=7237][IMG]http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/data/media/32/Asin-71.jpg[/IMG][/URL]


[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Asin-32.htm][b]Asin Hot Wallpapers[/b][/url]

Photo gallery at t WallpaperHungama.in is dedicated to Asin Pictures. Click on the thumbnails on enlarged Asin pictures, intimate photographs and debarring photos. Also constraint exposed other Pictures Gallery through despite Squeaky quality and Momentous Boldness appearance scans, film captures, movie promos, wallpapers, hollywood & bollywood pictures, photos of actresses and celebrities

 
At 2:47 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Gals
You have got to see this. Obama playing on XBox. Funniest video ever. http://bit.ly/bllhx1

 
At 4:32 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[URL=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/details.php?image_id=14627][IMG]http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/data/thumbnails/22/Shriya Saran-145.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[URL=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/details.php?image_id=14628][IMG]http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/data/thumbnails/22/Shriya Saran-146.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[URL=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/details.php?image_id=14630][IMG]http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/data/thumbnails/22/Shriya Saran-148.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Shriya-Saran-22.htm]Shriya Saran Wallpapers[/url]

Photo gallery at WallpaperHungama.in is dedicated to Shriya Saran Pictures. Click on the thumbnails for enlarged Shriya Saran pictures, personal photographs and exclusive photos. Also check out other Pictures Gallery for High quality and High Resolution image scans, movie captures, movie promos, wallpapers, hollywood & bollywood pictures, photos of actresses and celebrities.

 
At 1:37 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The French gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne has a wonderful aroma, a rich taste; the saltiness increases with the incidence of veining. The overall flavor is piquant but not overly sharp. Bleu d'Auvergne started life as an imitation of Roquefort, using cow's milk in place of sheep's milk. Legend has it that a peasant, around 1845, decided to inject his cheese with a blue mold that he found growing on his left-over bread (the motto being, waste not, want not). And thus, the gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne was born. This French gourmet blue cheese comes from the region of Auvergne and the cheese is made from milk of Salers and Aubrac cows. The rind is very thin and so the cheese is usually wrapped in foil. The cheese is rich and creamy with a pale yellow color and scattered holes and well-defined greenish-blue veining. We cut and wrap this cheese in wedge of 8 ounces and 1 pound.

buy fresh blue cheese

[url=http://riderx.info/members/buy_5F00_fresh_5F00_blue_5F00_cheese.aspx]buy fresh blue cheese[/url]

http://riderx.info/members/buy_5F00_fresh_5F00_blue_5F00_cheese.aspx

 
At 9:18 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/]Bollywood Wallpapers[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Aishwarya-Rai-114.htm]Aishwarya Rai[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Ayesha-Takia-28.htm]Ayesha Takia[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Diya-Mirza-116.htm]Diya Mirza[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Neha-Dhupia-8.htm]Neha Dhupia[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Nandana-Sen-109.htm]Nandana Sen[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Bipasha-Basu-29.htm]Bipasha Basu[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Neetu-Chandra-34.htm]Neetu Chandra[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Kim-Sharma-119.htm]Kim Sharma[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Zarine-Khan-123.htm]Zarine Khan[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Amrita-Rao-2.htm]Amrita Rao[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Aarti-Chhabria-122.htm]Aarti Chhabria[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Asin-32.htm]Asin[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Celina-Jaitley-1.htm]Celina Jaitley[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Deepika-Padukone-5.htm]Deepika Padukone[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Geeta-Basra-24.htm]Geeta Basra[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Kareena-Kapoor-115.htm]Kareena Kapoor[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Katrina-Kaif-11.htm]Katrina Kaif[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Sonal-Chauhan-21.htm]Sonal Chauhan[/url]

[url=http://www.wallpaperhungama.in/cat-Priyanka-Chopra-3.htm]Priyanka Chopra[/url]

 
At 9:29 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Now, escorts can be contacted right from the comfort zone of your home - thanks to the easily navigable, user-friendly websites that present all escort activities and services online for your access.
Escort girls New York have surpassed all other escort girls out there with their A1 services.
All you have to do is to open the website of an escort agency, browse through the various escort categories and make your choice after going through the listed profiles.
The services provided by Bijou escorts are top notch. New York escort service are also offered to various clients.Bijou available are top class escorts, and you will soon forget about normal things in life and enter the world of love and fantasy. You must remember that using personal escort service is not like using normal intimate service and these are not just simple girls that you are dealing with. These are highly trained and qualified escort personnel's that are there to rejuvenate you dull and boring life. You will be surprised to find out that some of these girls are very well educated.
[url=http://bijouescorts.com]Escort NY[/url] A New York escort agency's website also allows you book your favorite girl at just a matter of few clicks. While making the booking, you need to specify whether you would be seeking for incall or outcall service. For outcall services, you may also need to mention your address where you want her service. Regarding the privacy and confidentiality of this, you need to be completely worry-free. As a service enjoyer, you just need to concentrate on your game. The rest will be all yours, all tempting!

It's the quality of service offered by the New York escorts that have made New York one of the major escort hubs in the entire globe. All girls are very much educated and they know how to keep themselves clean and hygienic. If you have never used Hugo Boss once in your life yet, don't be surprised to smell it on their skins. They are really very much beauty and style conscious. That's the reason they have been able to mark such a big impression in the psyche of each and every escort fun lovers.
http://bijouescorts.com New York escorts are genuinely the best girlfriends for men seeking for pleasure. They are the abode of beauty and charm and satisfy men with their amazing sense of maturity. The top-quality escorts of New York are the finest and greatly enviable attractive girls who understand the need and desire of their customer. They are blessed with the most alluring bodies and with the superior set of soft skills; they can make anyone feel special.

 
At 4:34 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi all,

my friend told me about this forum so i decided to sign up.

i have some very strong opinions

talk to you all soon!

[IMG]http://www.trueimagehost.com/1/m/47xFMd46ie7B/blank.gif[/IMG]

 
At 9:04 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Greets everyone!

This forum rocks.. I really liked it...

Adios

[URL=http://www.vpnmaster.com][IMG]http://openvpn.net/archive/openvpn-users/2005-05/pngd55nFojmJX.png[/IMG][/URL]

 
At 9:46 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Greets everyone!

I just wanted to say hi to everyone

Chaoo

[URL=http://www.vpnmaster.com][IMG]http://openvpn.net/archive/openvpn-users/2005-05/pngd55nFojmJX.png[/IMG][/URL]

 
At 10:18 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

hi everybody


great forum lots of lovely people just what i need


hopefully this is just what im looking for looks like i have a lot to read.

 
At 6:11 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

In 1959 phentermine first received approval from the FDA as an appetite suppressing drug. Phentermine hydrochloride then became available in the early 1970s. It was previously sold as Fastin from King Pharmaceuticals for SmithKline Beecham, however in 1998 it was removed from the market. Medeva Pharmaceuticals sells the name brand of phentermine called Ionamin and Gate Pharmaceuticals sells it as Adipex-P. Phentermine is also currently sold as a generic. Since the drug was approved in 1959 there have been almost no clinical studies performed. The most recent study was in 1990 which combined phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine and became known as Fen-Phen.[citation needed]
In 1997 after 24 cases of heart valve disease in Fen-Phen users, fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were voluntarily taken off the market at the request of the FDA. Studies later proved that nearly 30% of people taking fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine had abnormal valve findings. The FDA did not ask manufacturers to remove phentermine from the market.
[url=http://www.buyphentermine1.com]cheap phentermine[/url] Phentermine is still available by itself in most countries, including the U.S. However, because it is similar to amphetamines, it is classified as a controlled substance in many countries (including Australia). Internationally, phentermine is a schedule IV drug under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances.[1] In the United States, it is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act.
Looking forward, Phentermine is being studied with another medication for obesity. The experimental appetite suppressant drug Qnexa is a mixture of Phentermine and Topiramate.
Phentermine, in doses clinically used, works on the hypothalamus portion of the brain to release norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter or chemical messenger that signals a fight-or-flight response, reducing hunger. Phentermine works outside the brain as well to release epinephrine or adrenaline causing fat cells to break down stored fat, but the principal basis of efficacy is hunger-reduction. At high doses, phentermine releases serotonin and dopamine as well, but such doses are never used in clinical medicine.
[url=http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&source=hp&q=www.buyphentermine1.com&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=]google for www.buyphentermine1.com[/url]

 
At 6:00 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Once upon a time air travel was a great deal simpler than it is today. You called one of a few airlines that flew from your airport, the agent would tell you what flights were available for a given time, and you booked the one you wanted. Airports were always bustling places, especially during the holidays, but as long as you gave yourself adequate time, the process was usually the same. You would check your bags, go through the x-ray machine, get your boarding pass, and wait patiently at the appropriate gate. Once you got on the plane you ate the snack or meal that came with your flight and watched a movie.

In recent years travel by plane has become significantly more complicated. There are so many different configurations for flights and types of fares. Dire economic circumstances have caused airlines to raise rates and charge extra fees for everything from baggage to blankets. There are complex rules about what you can and cannot carry in your luggage. It can be very difficult to determine whether you are getting the best deal or the best services when you buy an airline ticket. The internet makes the navigation of airlines, airports, and flight itineraries easier, but, even so, be prepared to do some research if you want to find a flight at the best price.

Here is something up front that might save you time and money right off the bat. If you are traveling within the United States mainland, always look at Southwest Airlines first. Southwest is almost always the best deal you will find. However, Southwest itineraries do not appear on the major travel websites, so always go directly to the airline's website for information. Plug in your travel plans, and you will get a list of all the flights that are available. Southwest typically charges more reasonable prices than other airlines, and there are no hidden fees. The price you see is the price you get although tax and the government fee that is attached to all flights does apply. For lower prices than you can probably get anywhere else look at the "web only" fares, but keep in mind that these fares are not refundable.

[url=http://cheapairtickets.qarri.com/]Useful tips for air tickets[/url]

 
At 12:15 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

In 1959 phentermine first received approval from the FDA as an appetite suppressing drug. Phentermine hydrochloride then became available in the early 1970s. It was previously sold as Fastin from King Pharmaceuticals for SmithKline Beecham, however in 1998 it was removed from the market. Medeva Pharmaceuticals sells the name brand of phentermine called Ionamin and Gate Pharmaceuticals sells it as Adipex-P. Phentermine is also currently sold as a generic. Since the drug was approved in 1959 there have been almost no clinical studies performed. The most recent study was in 1990 which combined phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine and became known as Fen-Phen.[citation needed]
In 1997 after 24 cases of heart valve disease in Fen-Phen users, fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were voluntarily taken off the market at the request of the FDA. Studies later proved that nearly 30% of people taking fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine had abnormal valve findings. The FDA did not ask manufacturers to remove phentermine from the market.
[url=http://www.buyphentermine1.com]phentermine online[/url] Phentermine is still available by itself in most countries, including the U.S. However, because it is similar to amphetamines, it is classified as a controlled substance in many countries (including Australia). Internationally, phentermine is a schedule IV drug under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances.[1] In the United States, it is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act.
Looking forward, Phentermine is being studied with another medication for obesity. The experimental appetite suppressant drug Qnexa is a mixture of Phentermine and Topiramate.
Phentermine, in doses clinically used, works on the hypothalamus portion of the brain to release norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter or chemical messenger that signals a fight-or-flight response, reducing hunger. Phentermine works outside the brain as well to release epinephrine or adrenaline causing fat cells to break down stored fat, but the principal basis of efficacy is hunger-reduction. At high doses, phentermine releases serotonin and dopamine as well, but such doses are never used in clinical medicine.
[url=http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&source=hp&q=www.buyphentermine1.com&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=]google for www.buyphentermine1.com[/url]

 
At 11:04 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

check out the new free [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com]online casino games[/url] at the all new www.casinolasvegass.com, the most trusted [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com]online casinos[/url] on the web! enjoy our [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com/download.html]free casino software download[/url] and win money.
you can also check other [url=http://sites.google.com/site/onlinecasinogames2010/]online casinos[/url] and [url=http://www.bayareacorkboard.com/]poker room[/url] at this [url=http://www.buy-cheap-computers.info/]casino[/url] sites with 100's of [url=http://www.place-a-bet.net/]free casino games[/url]. for new gamblers you can visit this [url=http://www.2010-world-cup.info]online casino[/url].

 
At 3:08 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi!


Use http://www.BuySellDirect.net as a FREE home based ebay to make money at home. It is 100% free.


http://www.BuySellDirect.net is what Ebay users need to save paying charges when they sell or not.

 
At 10:05 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

if you guys constraint to nasty [url=http://www.generic4you.com]viagra[/url] online you can do it at www.generic4you.com, the most trusted viagra pharmaceutics pro generic drugs.
you can learn drugs like [url=http://www.generic4you.com/Sildenafil_Citrate_Viagra-p2.html]viagra[/url], [url=http://www.generic4you.com/Tadalafil-p1.html]cialis[/url], [url=http://www.generic4you.com/VardenafilLevitra-p3.html]levitra[/url] and more at www.rxpillsmd.net, the primary [url=http://www.rxpillsmd.net]viagra[/url] originator on the web. well another great [url=http://www.i-buy-viagra.com]viagra[/url] pharmacy you can find at www.i-buy-viagra.com

 
At 4:34 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Director : Mani Ratnam
Music Director : A.R Rahman
Lyricist/s : Gulzar
Movie Cast : Abhishek Bachchan & Aishwarya Rai

Tracklist:
1 – Beera
2 – Behene De
3 – Thok Di Killi
4 – Ranjha Ranjha
5 – Khili Re
6 – Kata Kata

[url=http://www.bollywood-latest.com/2010/05/raavan-mp3-songs/]Raavan Mp3 Songs[/url]

[url=http://www.bollywood-latest.com/]Bollywood Blog[/url]

[url=http://www.bollywood-latest.com/]Bollywood News[/url]

 
At 12:48 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Infatuation casinos? certify this advanced [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com]online casino[/url] navigator and play online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at www.realcazinoz.com .
you can also verify our untrained [url=http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com]casino[/url] hint at http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com and triumph over realized folding change !
another late-model [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com]casino spiele[/url] site is www.ttittancasino.com , pro german gamblers, rise by loose online casino bonus.

 
At 5:20 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello guys,

What online mags do you read and would recommend?

For all you emo people out there I recommend The Enough Fanzine. It is one of the first hardcore fanzines on the web.

They have throusands of reviews from the most popular bands all over the world. Check them out online: [url=http://www.enoughfanzine.com]Enough Fanzine[/url]. Best of it all, they are 100% non-profit and just helping the scene!

Looking forward to your recommendations.

Regards!

 
At 7:34 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.watchtruebloodseason3.net][img]http://cdn.blinkx.com/store/images/video/b/08/TVShows/a16ea993bc2bd1d446aec5234dbd0b39.jpg[/img][/url]

Dear TV Lovers

You guys probably all love True Blood , i came across this great where you already can watch the fourth episode of season 1 .
Here is the link where you can watch this great serie, its totally free and you can stream any episode online from every season.

Your opinion counts!

[url=http://www.watchtruebloodseason3.net]Watch True Blood Online [/url]

[url=http://www.watchtruebloodseason3.net][img]http://images.cucirca.com/tvshows/True-Blood.jpg[/img][/url]

 
At 3:47 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

10.) Try making friends at different online bingo sites. You can always receive useful advice and lean more game techniques through such online bingo friends. [url=http://www.bingokisses.com]online free bingo[/url] Online bingo is a game of chance. However, you can develop specific bingo systems to turn the game odds in your favor. The simplicity of the game offers extensive scope for you to employ winning bingo systems. Normally, every bingo player tries to match the called numbers on the screen with those in his bingo card in little time. This helps you call out 'bingo' earlier to ensure your win at the game. [url=http://www.bingokisses.com]free bingo cash[/url] Bingo is a fantastic game and is fast becoming one of the most popular forms of entertainment on the internet, our advice is to have fun and be safe, we wish you all the luck in the world with your bingo playing, thanks for reading.
no deposit bingo bingo
In bingo, each player will get a sheet, which has six cards with a total of 90 numbers. On each one of these bingo cards, you will find 27 spaces grouped in 9 columns x 3 rows format. Each number is unduplicated; hence, it will not be repeated anywhere else in the sheet.

 
At 1:32 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=http://en.wikipedia.org/]wikipedia[/url]
[url=http://www.cyclothymiasymptoms.com/]cyclothymia[/url]

 
At 8:24 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I am not so brilliant to be competent to evoke first-rate stuff like you do but I am trying to pay it back so hoepfully this will afford you a gleaming smile or make you sniggle or at the very least give you a thought for the day? :

I don’t suffer from insanity, I enjoy every minute of it.



http://numberonestars.com/2010/10/keira-knightley-debuts-chic-new-haircut

 
At 9:33 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=http://monclerjassenjas.org][img]http://monclerjassenjas.org/bmz_cache/a/a329c9e38e2175f873363788544a9c4e.image.232x310.jpg[/img][/url] [url=http://moncler-jackor.org]Moncler[/url] PymTrq NghFtx [url=http://christianlouboutinpascheronline.net]Christian Louboutin[/url] BxnCvo [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com/canada-goose-montebello-parka-red-billig-canada-goose-oslo-pi-81/][img]http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com/bmz_cache/3/3210f63d2898d3ead7b7fed69a1bf46e.image.232x350.jpg[/img][/url] RsePcj [url=http://www.true-religionbrandjeans.com]True Religion Jeans[/url] ZodVrd [url=http://www.taskaonline.com]Coach T谩ska[/url]
KopYgb [url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]hogan schuhe[/url] [url=http://www.hogan-shoes.org/]hogan[/url]
MdbJpu [url=http://www.hogan-shoes.org/]hogan[/url]
[url=http://www.monclerjakkevinter.com]moncler[/url] CwkPfz [url=http://www.true-religionbrandjeans.com]True Religion Brand Jeans[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt[/url] NvcWbb [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/bally-handtaschen-55.html]Bally handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt sko[/url] AhgUaa [url=http://www.taskaonline.com]Prada T谩ska[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan Schuhe[/url] SlbCwc [url=http://www.chanelgreece.org]Chanel Handbags[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan[/url] XzwJka [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com]Canada Goose[/url] XubWtk

 
At 12:55 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

We victual all kinds of dear rank s that sink in fare in a difference of styles,[url=http://www.discountpartydress.com]discount party dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.weddinghow.net]cheap wedding dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.sexydress4prom.com]cheap prom dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.dresswomen.net]prom dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.safeandsoon.com/]cheap wedding dresses[/url]
colors and sizes at wholesale price.All are sale-priced with trendy styles associating apparels including draughtsman uniting dress, beach combining dresses, conjugal gowns, bridesmaids dresses, prom outfits, cream skirt dresses & mother dresses.Even we can stock the services of loose size customization and manumitted coupled with gauge Shop affordable amazing compound dresses now!lift avid shopping, put on one's sunday best clothes faultlessly for the whacking big juncture with the help of G-marry bridal.


http://www.sexydress4prom.com

 
At 4:50 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

We prepare for all kinds of dear property s that sink in fare in a disparity of styles, colors and sizes at wholesale price.All [url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/cheap-prom-dresses/]prom dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/wedding-dresses/]wedding dress[/url]
[url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/mother-of-the-bride-dresses/]Mother of the Bride Dress[/url]
are cheap with clothes-horse styles compound apparels including designer combining dress, strand wedding dresses, bridal gowns, bridesmaids dresses, prom outfits, flower gal dresses & shelter dresses.Even we can stock the services of free vastness customization and without extra gauge Purchase affordable stunning compounding dresses at this very moment!satisfaction in avid shopping, put on one's sunday best clothes faultlessly for the whacking big wedding ceremony with the labourers of G-marry bridal.


http://www.g-marrybridal.com/

 
At 8:15 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

check this link, [URL=http://e--store.com/]gucci online[/URL] , just clicks away EwMpRICn [URL=http://e--store.com/ ] http://e--store.com/ [/URL]

 
At 1:34 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

must look at this MwDEnkyq [URL=http://www.moncler-outlet2013.org/ - moncler vest[/URL - for more detail KhGMIsPM [URL=http://www.moncler-outlet2013.org/ - http://www.moncler-outlet2013.org/ [/URL -

 
At 11:28 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

look at MlBwsvMO [URL=http://www.gucci-outlet2013.net/]gucci online[/URL] to your friends QQVZqksh [URL=http://www.gucci-outlet2013.net/ ] http://www.gucci-outlet2013.net/ [/URL]

 
At 3:15 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

click XfBUgQMt [URL= - replica purses[/URL - , just clicks away wRykuKpx [URL= - [/URL -

 
At 5:26 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

top [url=http://norwegian-online-casinos.com/]free casino[/url] check the latest [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com/]casino[/url] manumitted no set aside reward at the best [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]online casinos
[/url].

 
At 11:44 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi, i believe that i noticed you visited my weblog thus i got here to return the favor?
.I'm attempting to find issues to enhance my website!I suppose its good enough to make use of some of your ideas!!

My site external hemorrhoids treatment

 
At 12:53 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...



My website: cordyceps fungus

 
At 10:27 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Bus crashing into the the Nanchang Bridge 12 traffic barrier caused by congestioNanchang News newspaper (Reporter,Explosion wheel hub tire inflation blown stoned one _ New, I Red cite) On the morning of August 10, Nanchang Bridge in a road accident, a 211 [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc fake pens[/url] bus to avoid flash less than 12 traffic separation barrier,louboutin pas cher, crashing into the middle of the road and only stopped. Rush hour when the accident occurred, resulting in [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc height[/url] Bridge traffic jam more than one hours,hollister. According to witnesses,abercrombie, around 8:30 the same day,louboutin, the car bus traveling fast in Nanchang Bridge, to the middle of the bridge,oakley, we suddenly feel the car violently shaking,abercrombie shop, and then I heard a loud noise, an intense gasoline Pumian from,hollister uk. Reporters rushed to the scene to see the serious damage to the bottom of [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc luggage[/url] the bus front license [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc ink[/url] plate knocked [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc watches[/url] falls to the ground, near the iron fence was severing,hollister. After the accident,mulberry, the traffic police rushed to the scene disposal,abercrombie france, while actively disperse the crowd,abercrombie. The accident occurred at a time when rush hour, causing the congestion of the the Nanchang [url=http://www.montblancpensdiscount.co.uk]mont blanc online[/url] Bridge from east to west direction,hollister deutschland. 9:45 Xu,The train hit the van caused three people were injured unman, bus dragged left traffic gradually returned to normal. According to site traffic police, bus drivers in order to avoid another car hit the guardrail,s Congress attached elementary school due to overcrowding in the 5th grade reloc, fracture of reinforced scratched the fuel tank. The specific cause is still under investigation,oakley uk, yet received reports of casualties,hollister shop.

http://www.montblancpensonsale.co.uk

Our updates Recent articles:
[url=http://www.longxiujuan.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=52610]monster beats outlet South China Sea Network on August 11[/url]
[url=http://www.aironecotribe.com/content/ma-perche-italia-si-regalano-ogni-anno-9-miliardi-alle-fonti-fossili#comment-81547]シャネル 化粧品 " said Smith Suh was angered by the accusation[/url]
[url=http://greengogo.us/home.php?mod=space&uid=201562&do=blog&id=267619]montblanc fountain pens An Outline Of Some Key Fea[/url]
[url=http://www.irishblanca.com/2011/01/29/sad-and-happy-events-of-my-days/]シャネル 新作 but you do not want to work[/url]
[url=http://gaigeren.com/tz88/read.php?tid=581003&displayMode=1]mont blanc pens cheap iodfg Mulberry Outlet izyis[/url]
[url=http://sunyata.cc/home/space.php?uid=47385&do=blog&id=247884]mont blanc uk oakley lance armstrong[/url]

 
At 8:26 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

See face bar under PAGES for pricesI had the Elephants If
you leverage educational elephant owl gifts, you can aid somebody
you passion hear more than about elephants.

Also visit my page owl earrings

 
At 9:26 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

if you are having a hard time finding some free psn codes
then you need to go to [url=http://psngenerator.info]Psn Generator[/url]

 
At 11:42 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The articleice Machines introduces:This article about How To Buy Commercial Ice Machines For Restaurant,With the introduction of cutting edge and innovative technologies, a commercial ice machine is no longer a bulky device producing insanitation, consuming a lot ...

If you need more ice Machines infomation about How To Buy Commercial Ice Machines For Restaurant, Click here to find.

With the introduction of cutting ice Machines edge and innovative technologies, a commercial ice machine is no longer a bulky device producing insanitation, consuming a lot of energy, making noise, and taking a lot of time to make the needed supply of ice. As a result of high end technologies, commercial ice machines are able to achieve “being green” the highest levels of energy and water conservation. Now a commercial ice machine can easily produce from 65 pounds to 2,000 pounds of ice cubes in a day. You can find varied shapes of ice cubes such as dice, half dice, octagon, crushed, nugget, and flake.

Commercial ice machines are the standalone units,ice Machines designed to produce large quantities of ice for various commercial purposes. Once installed, these commercial ice makers are pretty automatic and do not need much attention from you or your staff. These factory-made machines consist of a condensing unit and ice-making section that operates as an integrated unit to make ice, an ice bin or a storage unit to store the created ice and a dispensing unit to dispense the ice out of the machine. Many automatic ice machines use moving water to create an improved quality of ice cubes. They work on the principle of “faster the water moves the better the ice quality becomes”. In this process, the air and un-dissolved solids get washed away. This results in pure and clear ice production.

Large amounts of ice are demanded for various purposes in many ice Machines commercial entities such as Restaurants, Bars, Ice Cream Parlors, Bakeries, Country Clubs and Golf Courses. A commercial ice machine is the perfect choice for such places as the large quantity of ice also needs to be a certain quality as well. Automatic commercial ice machines will make plenty of ice of equal size in a short span of time. All you need to do is just start the machine and set the required functions, and leave the rest up to the machine. You will get good quantity of quality ice in a short amount of time. In addition, many commercial ice machines come with a self cleaning function. This will help maintain the quality and quantity if the produced ice while decreasing the time that you and or your staff must spend with the machine.

Keep in mind that there are two varieties of ice machines: air cooled and waterice Machines cooled. Air cooled ice machines use air to disperse the heat, whereas water cooled ice machine uses water to do the same function. Air cooled ice machines use more energy and also are much noisier than water cooled ice machines. However, they are more affordable than water cooled ice machines.

An assorted collection of wonderful, fast and energy efficient commercial ice makers are readilyice Machines available in the market. Various renowned and reliable manufacturers have come up with their unique range of these amazing machines. Numerous models that create different types and sizes of ice are available in the local and online market. A competitive urge of creating more efficient and cost effective ice machines, has left the customers and consumers with a distinctive variety of these units in which to choose.

 

Post a Comment

<< Home